Management of psychoactive substance abuse

Set of symptoms that cluster in different ways and whose severity is variable; they occur during a complete or partial withdrawal of a psychoactive substance consumed repeatedly and usually prolonged or massive. The syndrome may be accompanied by signs of a physiological disorder. . It is also the essential characteristic of “dependence”, in its more limited psychopharmacological sense.

The onset and progression of the withdrawal syndrome are time-limited and depend on the nature and dose of the substance consumed immediately before stopping alcohol detox process   or reducing consumption. In general, the characteristics of withdrawal syndrome are the opposite of those of acute intoxication.

Withdrawal syndrome

Set of symptoms alcohol detox process  that cluster in different ways and whose severity is variable; they occur during a complete or partial withdrawal of a psychoactive substance consumed repeatedly and usually prolonged or massive. The syndrome may be accompanied by signs of a physiological disorder.  It is also the essential characteristic of “dependence”, in its more limited psychopharmacological sense.

The onset and progression of the withdrawal syndrome are time-limited and depend on the nature and dose of the substance consumed immediately before stopping or reducing consumption. In general, the characteristics of withdrawal syndrome are the opposite of those of acute intoxication.

The syndrome of alcohol withdrawal is characterized by the following signs: tremors, anxiety, agitation, depression, nausea, and state of malaise. It occurs 6 to 48 hours after alcohol withdrawal and, in the absence of complications, dissipates within 2 to 5 days. However, it can be complicated by tonic-clonic seizures and evolve into delirium (known as delirium tremens ).

Sedative withdrawal syndrome shares many features with alcohol withdrawal; however, it can also be associated with muscular pains and twitches, distorted perception and impaired body image.

The upload withdrawal syndrome is accompanied by rhino rhea (runny nose), tearing (excessive tearing), muscle aches, chills, piloerection and, within 24 to 48 hours, muscle and abdominal cramps. The compulsive search behavior is very marked and persists after the decrease in physical symptoms.

Stimulant withdrawal syndrome is less clearly defined than central nervous system depressant withdrawal syndromes; the phenomenon of depression is important and is accompanied by a state of malaise, inertia, and instability.

Clinical description ICD-10

Set of symptoms that cluster in different ways and whose severity is variable; they occur during a complete or partial withdrawal of a psychoactive substance consumed repeatedly and usually prolonged or massive. The onset and progression of the withdrawal syndrome are time-limited and depend on the nature and dose of the substance consumed immediately before stopping or reducing consumption. Withdrawal syndrome can be complicated by convulsions.

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